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美財長稱更多企業援助“絕對”有必要

最有人气的股评专家: 美財長稱更多企業援助“絕對”有必要

ANNE SRADERS 2020年06月13日
美國國會正在研究需要額外采取哪些措施幫助企業度過?;?。

2019沪指年线位置 www.839841.tw

周三,美國財政部長史蒂芬·姆努欽對參議院小企業與創業委員會(Small Business & Entrepreneurship Committee)表示,政府需要向受到停工嚴重沖擊和面臨復工困難的企業提供更多更有針對性的援助。

美國議員正在研究需要額外采取哪些措施幫助企業度過?;?。美國財長稱:“我們沒有偏見,但我們絕對相信,小企業和一些行業里的許多大企業需要更多幫助?!敝莧?,在就6,700億美元薪資?;ぜ蘋鬧蔥薪拐倏氖狀渭嘍教せ嶸?,姆努欽發表了這番言論。小企業管理局(Small Business Administration)局長喬維塔·卡蘭扎也出席了會議。

姆努欽稱,政府希望通過薪資?;ぜ蘋?、稅收抵免等方式,為企業提供更多幫助。他補充道可能需要“另外一項兩黨立法,向經濟注入更多資金”,幫助面臨復工困難的餐廳、酒店和旅游行業。

據小企業管理局的最新數據顯示,作為小企業緊急援助計劃的核心部分,到目前為止,薪資?;ぜ蘋遜⒎糯畛?,110億美元,已經有近450萬家小企業獲得貸款。姆努欽在周三還表示有必要推出更多直接刺激措施,重新審議提高失業救濟的必要性。

雖然薪資?;ぜ蘋⒘蘇楹屠Щ?,但兩黨參議員都認同,5月份的最新就業報告在一定程度上得益于該計劃保住的就業崗位。報告稱5月份失業率下降至13.3%,有約250萬人重返工作崗位。姆努欽表示這些數據讓他“感到驚喜”。在聽證會期間,小企業與創業委員會主席、參議員馬克·盧比奧估計,按照目前的貸款數據,薪資?;ぜ蘋W×嗽?,000萬個就業崗位,他還聲稱:“我們都知道,如果沒有薪資?;ぜ蘋?,小企業恐怕會徹底消失?!?/p>

參議員珍妮·沙欣表示,13%的失業率依舊是“不可接受的”,既然薪資?;ぜ蘋腥雜形幢皇褂玫畝鍆庾式?,“我們應該抓住這個機會,幫助那些需要持續援助的企業?!?/p>

更有針對性的援助

在議員們考慮更多企業救助和刺激計劃的同時,本·卡丁、克里斯·康斯和沙欣等參議員計劃提交一份法案,支持已經通過薪資?;ぜ蘋竦貌⒅С齟畹鈉笠刀鍆饣竦靡槐蝕?,所針對的是那些因為疫情?;賈率杖朧艿健把現亍背寤韉摹罷嬲摹斃∑笠?。姆努欽支持對所有企業提供更多資金,但他指出援助“需要更有針對性,尤其是針對復工難度最大的行業和小企業”,比如餐廳和餐旅業等。

參議員們還希望向由少數族裔所有的企業提供更多資金,并為曾被判重罪的小企業主創造更多獲取資金的途徑。

在聽證會上,參議員對于該計劃對少數族裔企業主的覆蓋范圍提出質疑。該委員會首席委員本·卡丁參議員在一份公開聲明中表示:“薪資?;ぜ蘋某曬χ檔迷捫?,但該計劃中也存在一些問題,隨著過去兩周全國大規??掛榛疃謀?,這些問題變得更加尖銳……對于黑人小企業主和其他弱勢群體創業者而言,小企業貸款中存在的不平等擴大了貧富差距?!彼卮儺∑笠倒芾砭趾筒普肯虼罨固峁┲傅?,“優先照顧服務不足的市場”,因為最近的報告顯示,失業對黑人雇員的傷害更大。

缺乏透明度

參議員一直要求小企業管理局提供更多信息,提高透明度,包括薪資?;ぜ蘋慕榪釗思捌淙絲誚峁剮畔???ǘ≡諤せ嶸媳硎?,美國政府問責署(Government Accountability Office,GAO)也未能從政府獲得小企業援助項目的信息,但姆努欽表示,政府正在與政府問責署合作獲取必要信息。雖然參議員和姆努欽都認同更多援助的必要性,但卡丁問道:“如果我們不知道哪些企業已經得到了幫助,又如何確定哪些企業仍需要幫助呢?”

雖然被多次要求提供更多信息,但姆努欽在聽證會上表示,不會提供借款人的姓名和借款金額,因為這些信息屬于“專有信息”,甚至在個別情況下是“保密信息”。

與此同時,薪資?;ぜ蘋罱艘淮穩嫻髡?—— 美國國會上周通過了一項法案,將使用貸款的最終期限從8周延長到24周,并要求企業將60%的資金用于支付工資(之前的要求是75%)。隨著新規定的執行,姆努欽表示更多一直在“觀望”的企業,現在可能會申請貸款。

在小企業管理局的最新報告中,該計劃仍有1,300億美元資金尚未分配。但隨著6月30日申請截止日期臨近,姆努欽稱他會與國會商定以其他方式利用這筆資金。(財富中文網)

譯者:Biz

周三,美國財政部長史蒂芬·姆努欽對參議院小企業與創業委員會(Small Business & Entrepreneurship Committee)表示,政府需要向受到停工嚴重沖擊和面臨復工困難的企業提供更多更有針對性的援助。

美國議員正在研究需要額外采取哪些措施幫助企業度過?;?。美國財長稱:“我們沒有偏見,但我們絕對相信,小企業和一些行業里的許多大企業需要更多幫助?!敝莧?,在就6,700億美元薪資?;ぜ蘋鬧蔥薪拐倏氖狀渭嘍教せ嶸?,姆努欽發表了這番言論。小企業管理局(Small Business Administration)局長喬維塔·卡蘭扎也出席了會議。

姆努欽稱,政府希望通過薪資?;ぜ蘋?、稅收抵免等方式,為企業提供更多幫助。他補充道可能需要“另外一項兩黨立法,向經濟注入更多資金”,幫助面臨復工困難的餐廳、酒店和旅游行業。

據小企業管理局的最新數據顯示,作為小企業緊急援助計劃的核心部分,到目前為止,薪資?;ぜ蘋遜⒎糯畛?,110億美元,已經有近450萬家小企業獲得貸款。姆努欽在周三還表示有必要推出更多直接刺激措施,重新審議提高失業救濟的必要性。

雖然薪資?;ぜ蘋⒘蘇楹屠Щ?,但兩黨參議員都認同,5月份的最新就業報告在一定程度上得益于該計劃保住的就業崗位。報告稱5月份失業率下降至13.3%,有約250萬人重返工作崗位。姆努欽表示這些數據讓他“感到驚喜”。在聽證會期間,小企業與創業委員會主席、參議員馬克·盧比奧估計,按照目前的貸款數據,薪資?;ぜ蘋W×嗽?,000萬個就業崗位,他還聲稱:“我們都知道,如果沒有薪資?;ぜ蘋?,小企業恐怕會徹底消失?!?/p>

參議員珍妮·沙欣表示,13%的失業率依舊是“不可接受的”,既然薪資?;ぜ蘋腥雜形幢皇褂玫畝鍆庾式?,“我們應該抓住這個機會,幫助那些需要持續援助的企業?!?/p>

更有針對性的援助

在議員們考慮更多企業救助和刺激計劃的同時,本·卡丁、克里斯·康斯和沙欣等參議員計劃提交一份法案,支持已經通過薪資?;ぜ蘋竦貌⒅С齟畹鈉笠刀鍆饣竦靡槐蝕?,所針對的是那些因為疫情?;賈率杖朧艿健把現亍背寤韉摹罷嬲摹斃∑笠?。姆努欽支持對所有企業提供更多資金,但他指出援助“需要更有針對性,尤其是針對復工難度最大的行業和小企業”,比如餐廳和餐旅業等。

參議員們還希望向由少數族裔所有的企業提供更多資金,并為曾被判重罪的小企業主創造更多獲取資金的途徑。

在聽證會上,參議員對于該計劃對少數族裔企業主的覆蓋范圍提出質疑。該委員會首席委員本·卡丁參議員在一份公開聲明中表示:“薪資?;ぜ蘋某曬χ檔迷捫?,但該計劃中也存在一些問題,隨著過去兩周全國大規??掛榛疃謀?,這些問題變得更加尖銳……對于黑人小企業主和其他弱勢群體創業者而言,小企業貸款中存在的不平等擴大了貧富差距?!彼卮儺∑笠倒芾砭趾筒普肯虼罨固峁┲傅?,“優先照顧服務不足的市場”,因為最近的報告顯示,失業對黑人雇員的傷害更大。

缺乏透明度

參議員一直要求小企業管理局提供更多信息,提高透明度,包括薪資?;ぜ蘋慕榪釗思捌淙絲誚峁剮畔???ǘ≡諤せ嶸媳硎?,美國政府問責署(Government Accountability Office,GAO)也未能從政府獲得小企業援助項目的信息,但姆努欽表示,政府正在與政府問責署合作獲取必要信息。雖然參議員和姆努欽都認同更多援助的必要性,但卡丁問道:“如果我們不知道哪些企業已經得到了幫助,又如何確定哪些企業仍需要幫助呢?”

雖然被多次要求提供更多信息,但姆努欽在聽證會上表示,不會提供借款人的姓名和借款金額,因為這些信息屬于“專有信息”,甚至在個別情況下是“保密信息”。

與此同時,薪資?;ぜ蘋罱艘淮穩嫻髡?—— 美國國會上周通過了一項法案,將使用貸款的最終期限從8周延長到24周,并要求企業將60%的資金用于支付工資(之前的要求是75%)。隨著新規定的執行,姆努欽表示更多一直在“觀望”的企業,現在可能會申請貸款。

在小企業管理局的最新報告中,該計劃仍有1,300億美元資金尚未分配。但隨著6月30日申請截止日期臨近,姆努欽稱他會與國會商定以其他方式利用這筆資金。(財富中文網)

譯者:Biz

More—and more targeted—aid is necessary for businesses hard-hit by shutdowns and struggling to reopen, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said before the Senate Small Business & Entrepreneurship Committee on Wednesday.

As lawmakers examine what further needs to be done to help businesses through the crisis, the secretary said, “We’re open-minded, but we absolutely believe small businesses, and, by the way, many big businesses in certain industries, are absolutely going to need more help,” Mnuchin said at the first oversight hearing alongside Small Business Administration administrator Jovita Carranza on the progress of the implementation of the $670 billion Paycheck Protection Program and other relief programs on Wednesday.

The secretary said the administration wants to work on providing further help, whether through the PPP, tax credits, or other avenues. He added that “another bipartisan legislation to put more money into the economy” was likely going to be needed, targeting the restaurant, hotel, and travel industries, which are struggling to reopen.

As a central piece of the small-business emergency aid, the Paycheck Protection Program thus far has doled out over $511 billion in funds, as nearly 4.5 million small businesses have received loans, per the latest data from the SBA. Mnuchin also said Wednesday that more direct stimulus and a reexamination of enhanced unemployment benefits may also be necessary.

Although the program’s rollout has been mired in controversy and confusion, senators on both sides of the aisle agreed the latest unemployment report from May, which saw the unemployment rate drop to 13.3% with some 2.5 million jobs regained, was the result, in part, to jobs saved through the PPP, and Mnuchin said he was “pleasantly surprised” at the numbers. Sen. Marco Rubio, the committee’s chair, estimated during the hearing that at the current loan numbers, the PPP saved roughly 50 million jobs, and declared, “Without PPP, we would have faced the extinction of small business as we know it.”

Still, Sen. Jeanne Shaheen said 13% unemployment was “unacceptable” and that while extra funds remain untapped from the PPP, “this is an opportunity that we should take advantage of for those businesses that need continued help.”

More targeted aid

Lawmakers mulled additional aid and stimulus for businesses, as senators including Ben Cardin, Chris Coons, and Shaheen are planning to propose a bill enabling businesses that already received and spent a PPP loan to get another one, meant for “genuinely” small businesses that had taken a “significant” hit to their revenue owing to the crisis. Mnuchin backed the idea of more funding for businesses in general, but noted it “needs to be much more targeted, particularly to the industries and small businesses that are having the most difficulty reopening,” he said, restaurants and hospitality businesses chief among them.

Senators also want to direct more funds to minority-owned businesses and provide easier access to the funds for small-business owners with prior felony convictions.

Senators raised concerns at the hearing about the program’s reach among minority-owned businesses, as Sen. Ben Cardin, the committee’s ranking member, said in an opening statement, “While the PPP’s success is a laudable accomplishment, there have been challenges in the program that have come into sharper focus given the massive protests our nation has witnessed over the past two weeks…For black small-business owners and other underserved entrepreneurs, the wealth gap is exacerbated by disparities in small-business lending.” He urged the SBA and Treasury to provide guidance to lenders to “prioritize underserved markets,” as recent reports show that black employees were hurt far more by unemployment.

Lack of transparency

Senators have continually asked for more transparency and information from the SBA, including the SBA recipients for the PPP and demographic breakdowns of who received loans. Cardin said during the hearing that the Government Accountability Office (GAO) has also had issues getting information about the small-business programs from the administration, but Mnuchin indicated the administration was working with the office to get the necessary information. Although the senators and Mnuchin agreed that more aid would likely be necessary, Cardin asked, “How can we know which businesses still need help if we do not know which businesses have received help?”

Yet despite continual requests for more information, Mnuchin said during testimony that names and amounts of recipients would not be provided as they are “proprietary” and in some cases “confidential.”

Meanwhile, the program recently got a complete revamp—Congress passed a bill last week that extends the deadline to use funds from eight to 24 weeks and requires businesses to use 60% of funds on payroll (down from 75%). With those new rules in place, Mnuchin indicated more businesses who had been on the “sidelines” would likely now take the loans.

As of SBA’s latest report, there are still over $130 billion of funds yet to be allocated. But with the June 30 deadline to apply approaching, Mnuchin indicated he would be working with Congress to use the funds in other ways.

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